Custom CNC Machining Services- What is a 5 Axis CNC Machine?

CNC machining services, also known as custom CNC machining, allow businesses to offer unique, high-quality parts that are customized to fit their needs and those of their customers. At CNC Machine Tools, we provide our clients with the best custom CNC machining services in the industry through our use of top-of-the-line equipment and highly skilled staff members that can produce virtually any part or shape imaginable. To learn more about the many benefits of working with us, contact us today and we’ll give you all the information you need to make an informed decision.

What is 5 Axis CNC Machining?

5 axis machining

CNC (Computer Numerical Control) 5-axis machining is a kind of high precision machining technology, which can realize engraving, milling, drilling and cutting in any direction in three-dimensional space.

CNC 5-axis machining uses machines with five axes of rotation, including the X, Y, and Z axes, and two axes of rotation, commonly referred to as the A and B axes. Axis A and axis B rotate along the X and Y axes, respectively, allowing the machining tool to operate the workpiece at different angles and directions. This approach enables higher precision machining while reducing the need for multiple clamping and repositioning, improving machining efficiency.

The Advantages Of 5 Axis CNC Machining

5 Axis CNC parts

Improve machining accuracy: five-axis machining can reduce the error through more accurate machining Angle control, so as to improve machining accuracy.

Reduce machining times: Five-axis machining can complete complex machining tasks on a single fixture, reducing the number of re-clamping and repositioning, saving time and cost.

Improve processing efficiency: five-axis machining can complete multiple surface processing in a clamping and positioning, greatly improving the processing efficiency.

Increase the processing range: five-axis processing can be processed surface, polygon and complex shape objects, expand the processing range, improve the processing flexibility.

Improve the quality of the workpiece: Five-axis machining can reduce the surface defects of the workpiece and improve the quality of the workpiece through more precise machining Angle control and fewer clamping times.

Applications Of 5-axis machining

CNC Machining Surface finish Passivation

5 axis machining technology can be widely used in various fields of manufacturing, including aerospace, automotive, medical, electronics, ships and so on. Here are some common five-axis machining applications:

  • Aircraft parts:

5 axis machining can produce aerospace parts with complex geometric shapes, such as aircraft engine blades, aerospace instruments and parts.

  • Automobile parts:

5-axis machining can produce the crankshaft, camshaft and cylinder block of automobile engine and other complex parts.

  • Medical instruments:

5-axis machining can produce high-precision parts of medical instruments, such as surgical instruments, artificial joints, etc.

  • Electronic components:

5-axis machining can produce high-precision electronic components, such as semiconductors and microelectronic devices.

  • Molds and models:

Five-axis machining can produce complex molds and models, such as car models, ship models, etc.

  • Ship parts:

5 aive-axis machining can produce complex ship parts, such as ship propeller, propeller, etc.

How difficult is the transition from 3-axis to 5-axis machining?

The good news is that companies looking to update their capabilities with a new machine or change their setup don’t have to make such drastic changes. With 3-axis and now 4-axis machining, operators can still get through most of their job orders. That’s not true with 5-axis machines. If you’re coming from 4th axis, it might seem like you will just be doing more of what you did before on a different axis, but that isn’t quite true. There are differences in material handling as well as tooling required for these types of jobs.

How difficult is 5-axis machine programming?

5 Axis CNC Machines

Machine programming, or G-code as it’s more commonly known, has been an integral part of computer numerical control (CNC) manufacturing since it was first introduced. With 3D printing and additive manufacturing becoming more popular, and machining technologies being more developed, what exactly is a 5 axis machine? How difficult is programming for these complex machines and how much of an impact does it have on modern manufacturing processes in today’s world of product design?

How easy is it to automate with 5-axis?

The main benefit of 5-axis machining compared to 4-axis machining, or even 3-axis, is that one extra axis lets you use shorter tool paths to achieve your desired part features. There are tradeoffs in part costs and post processing time though because of more complex geometries. Compared to 3-axis, for example, there’s about twice as much tool path information required when cutting on a 5 axis machine. In addition, depending on tooling and speed requirements for certain tools in an application, it may be necessary to choose faster cutting tools like carbide inserts or indexable inserts which increases costs too.

Accuracy & Intricate Capability

When you need high precision and intricacy in your custom machined parts, a five axis CNC machining service can be indispensable. Simply put, it provides an opportunity to get more precise cuts in less time using less material. It’s ideal for industries such as aerospace and medical device manufacturing, where accurate machined parts are crucial to product function. Here’s how: A 3-axis or 4-axis machine requires tooling that matches only one of its three or four axes of movement.

Efficiency in Time & Materials

5 Axis CNC

A CNC machine is an automated, computer-controlled tool that carves objects out of blocks of material. The most basic machines can use one type of cutting tool to do one job; more advanced devices can work with multiple tools and perform complex operations, like cutting profiles into pieces so they interlock perfectly when assembled. There are many different types of cnc machining services available. For example, there are horizontal (or flat) machines that drill parts out of solid pieces by moving them through space while they’re being cut; there are also vertical devices used to mill metal castings as they spin on their axes.

How Much Does a CNC Machine Cost?

Calculating Your Cost of Ownership A good rule of thumb for calculating your actual cost of ownership is to multiply your purchase price by three. While that’s not always precise, it gives you a general idea of what you can expect to pay over time. There are other factors to consider before making your final purchase, including maintenance costs, blade costs and more. Use our handy calculator below to get started

Factors that Determine Machine Price

3D Modeling Program : A 3D model of your project must be created before it can be cut on a CNC machine. There are a number of programs available that you can use to create your model. The program you choose will play an important role in determining how much your custom machined piece will cost. Most consumer grade programs are less accurate and come with little support while professional models offer high accuracy and support options but tend to be more expensive. #2. Tooling & Accessories: Different types of machines require different accessories. Certain accessories such as grinders, drills, and other attachments all have their own price points. Additionally, some machines require certain accessories that others do not such as separate polishing tools for removing excess material after milling. Additionally, you’ll need tools to build your custom workstation around your new machine.


Gavin Leo is a technical writer at Aria with 8 years of experience in Engineering, He proficient in machining characteristics and surface finish process of various materials. and participated in the development of more than 100complex injection molding and CNC machining projects. He is passionate about sharing his knowledge and experience.